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PLANTS>>Flowering Plants>>Angiosperms (Magnoliophyta)>>Monocotyledons (Liliopsida)>>Liliidae>>Orchidales>>Orchidaceae>>Ephemerantha>>Ephemerantha macraei (Lindl.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh.>>
Taxon ID: [525], Ephemerantha macraei (Lindl.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh.
Taxonomy Ecology Uses Market Conservation and Management References
Family Name


Taxon Name:

Ephemerantha macraei (Lindl.) P.F. Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10: 105 (1961). Press, Shrestha and Sutton,  Ann. Checklist Fl. Pl. Nepal: 215 (2000).


Ephemerantha fimbriatum auct. Non Blume, Desmostrichum fimbriatum Blume, Dendrobium macraei Lindl.

English Name(s):
Sanskrit Name(s):
Common Nepali Name(s):

Jiwanti, Jiri

Vernacular Name(s):
Other Name(s):
Trade Name(s):


Life form/Habit:

Epiphytic orchid with fusiform bulbs, creeping root stocks, flowers white.


Epiphytic herb, pendent. Stems long, pendent, branched, yellow; internodes 1.5-2.5 cm long; pseudobulbs borne on stem nodes, narrowly fusiform, ±compressed, shining, grooved, 3-5 x 0.4-0.8 cm. Leaf 1, terminal from pseudobulb, linear oblong to oblong-elliptic, minutely emarginated, sessile, 7-16 x 1.7-2.7 cm. Inflorescences 1- or 2- flowered; peduncled sheathed, short; sheaths overlapping, lanceolate, acute, membranous, 3-5 mm long; floral bracts triangular, 0.5-1 mm long. Flower 0.8-1.5 cm long; sepals and petals white (when fresh), lip white, apex green yellow (with age), lateral lobes marked with purple spots; pedicel and ovary glabrous, 5-6 mm long. Dorsal sepal elliptic-oblong, 5-veined, c.1 x 0.4 cm; lateral sepals elliptic oblong, adnate at base, 1-1.2 x 0.3-0.6 cm (at base). Petals narrowly elliptic-oblong, subacute, c.1 x 0.1-0.2 cm. Lip oblong-obovate (when spread), 1-1.3 x 0.6-0.7 mm long; hypochile wedge-shaped; lateral lobes erect, oblong, c.3mm long; mesochile narrow, margins plicate; epichile broadly oblong-elliptic, apex truncate to obscurely 2-lobed, margins undulate; disc with 2 plicate lamellae from hypochile base to epichile. Column 6-7 mm long, apical margin denticulate; foot medium; anther cap c.1.3 mm wide. Fruit ovoid, ca.2 x 1.2 cm450.

Macroscopic characters:
Chromosome number:

Flowering: April- may

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