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PLANTS>>Flowering Plants>>Angiosperms (Magnoliophyta)>>Dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida)>>Dilleniidae>>Ericales>>Ericaceae>>Gaultheria>>Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall.>>
Taxon ID: [466], Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall.
Taxonomy Ecology Uses Market Conservation and Management References
Family Name


Taxon Name:

Gaultheria fragrantissima Wall., Asiat. Res. 13:397, t. (1820). Press, Shrestha & Sutton, Ann. Checklist Fl. Pl. Nep. :102 (2000).



Gaultheria fragrans D.Don.


English Name(s):

Wintergreen, White heather, Fragrant Wintergreen

Sanskrit Name(s):


Common Nepali Name(s):

Dhasingre, Kalgedi, Machhino, Patpate


Vernacular Name(s):

(Lepcha), Lamchassi (Rai), Payong, Chele, Chenchen (Sherpa), Chenjuwa, Changasi, Chanchhewaa, Chainso mererr (Tamang)

Other Name(s):

Gandhapura (Hind), Dawami (Tibetan)

Trade Name(s):


Life form/Habit:



Forests, shrubberies and open places of mid-hills of Nepal.



A robust branched evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall, branches glabrous. Leaves alternate, ovate to lanceolate, 4-13 x 2.5-5 cm, apex acute, base cuneate; smooth above, dotted with the bases of bristles beneath, margins bristly-toothed; lateral veins 2-4 pairs. Flowers small, fragrant, short-stalked, corolla white to greenish white or pink, barrel-shaped, constricted towards apex, in axillary racemes. Flower clusters 2.5-8 cm long, shorter than the leaves, 10-30-flowered. Capsules 5-8 x 3-5 mm, dark violet-blue, surrounded by enlarged fleshy calyx31,34.

Macroscopic characters:
Chromosome number:

(2n= 44) 2.



Flowering: April-September

Fruiting: October-December

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